The Gallo-Romans—second century AD
The romanisation of Nîmes truly began in the first century BC. The town became a 'colony under Latin law' and magnificent monuments were built. The Emperor Augustus and his successors made it a town for the promotion of romanity in Gaul.
Nîmes grew and its 7 km of ramparts enclosed 220 hectares. It was at it greatest in the second century, a perfectl stopping place on the Via Domitia that ran from Rome to Spain. The population is estimated to have been 25,000.
Successive invasions in the third and fifth centuries AD and the arrival and settling of the Visigoths put an en to the prosperity of the town.