The Nineteenth Century
Competition from Lyons was fierce in the second half of the nineteenth century. Textile capital was very quickly re-invested in vineyards before money was lost. Winegrowing was enhanced by the Canal du Midi and transport of wine by rail from Nîmes. A new era of prosperity began. The district around the station was developed in a sumptuous manner and many private mansions were built. In addition, Nîmes became the centre for the transit of coal from the Cévennes to Beaucaire and the Rhône.