26 centuries of history

Nîmes has kept numerous of traces of its past—covering both the fine and dark moments. Proud of its roots, it is always ready to go ahead and build its future.

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26 centuries of history

The Beginnings - sixth century BC

The founding of Nîmes goes back to the sixth century BC. The Volcae Arecomici, a Celtic tribe, settled around a generous spring and built a sanctuary in its honour.

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The Gallo-Romans—second century AD

The romanisation of Nîmes truly began in the first century BC.

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The Middle Ages

The town shrank and in the eighth century was a tenth of the size that it had been in Roman times. The population took refuge in the amphitheatre and made it a fortress because of increasing insecurity.

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From the Renaissance to the Age of Enlightenment

The Wars of Religion were violent in the sixteenth century. Protestants were...

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The Nineteenth Century

Competition from Lyons was fierce in the second half of the nineteenth century. Textile capital was very quickly re-invested in vineyards before money was lost.

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Today

Nîmes, with a population of 150,000 is changing. As a result of deliberate efforts it has combined for nearly thirty years cutting-edge contemporary art and the riches of the past.

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Coat of arms

To understand the origin of the town’s coat of arms one has to travel to Egypt. In 31 BC, ...

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