The Beginnings - sixth century BC
The founding of Nîmes goes back to the sixth century BC.
The Volcae Arecomici, a Celtic tribe, settled around a generous spring and built a sanctuary in its honour.
Primitive shelter was gradually replaced by drystone buildings including the Tour Magne, a tall tower built on a hill and that later became part of the Roman ramparts. In 120 BC, the Volcae, who had a vast territory with 24 oppida, accepted the Roman legions without resistance.
The Gallo-Roman town of Nemausa was about to come into existence.